It’s fun. It’s interesting. And it’s creative. Soap making is not rocket science. If you are someone who does not shy away from new creative adventures, try soap making. Not only is it fulfilling to see your creative ideas taking shape, but you also don’t have to worry about synthetic chemicals harming your skin as you get to choose the ingredients. And talking about the ingredients, aloe vera is the undisputed winner. Why? It is inexpensive, easy to use, and readily available, and it keeps your skin healthy and happy. If you are new to this craft, this step-by-step guide to make aloe vera soap is just for you. So, here we go!
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How To Make Aloe Vera Soap At Home
There are three ways to make aloe vera soap at home. The below methods are the most popular ways followed by DIY soap enthusiasts worldwide.
Using The Cold Process Method
This process is a clear blend of science and art. It might appear a bit complicated to you as you have to start from scratch. The trick lies in mixing the right amounts of fixed oils (such as coconut or olive) with an alkali (also called lye or sodium hydroxide). This process is called saponification. Here’s what you need to do:
1. Select Your Recipe And Check The Amount On The Lye Calculator
This is important because the amount of lye differs with the ingredients you are using. For instance, if you are using shea butter instead of coconut oil for aloe vera soap recipe, you need to check how much lye you will need. The amount of lye decides how hard or soft your soap is. You can use this lye calculator.
2. Gather Your Safety Gear And Ingredients
Lye is not readily available in stores, so you need to get it beforehand. You can buy it here. Also, lye is an alkali and should be handled with care. It releases poisonous fumes when mixed with water. So, suit up in your safety gear before you start.
You Will Need
- Safety goggles
- Latex or rubber gloves
- Long-sleeved shirt and pants (to cover the body parts)
- Heat resistant container (use stainless steel, tempered glass or polypropylene plastic containers. Do not use aluminum containers as they react with lye.)
- An emulsifying stick blender
- Rubber spatula
- Scale (for measuring the quantities)
- Soap mold (use plastic ones such as Tupperware or silicone molds)
Now, here’s how you can make soap.
For making two bars of aloe vera soap, you will need:
- 9 g (4 oz) vegetable fat
- 3 g (1 oz) aloe vera gel
- 3 g (1 oz) olive oil
- 86 g (1.9 oz) of distilled water
- 6 g (0.8 oz) lye
Note: The amounts of lye and distilled water will change depending on the ingredients and their amounts.
Apart from the basic ingredients mentioned above, you also need to add fragrance and skin conditioners to your soap. Here are a few things you can try:
- Oats (for acne-prone or inflamed skin)
- Sea salt (for softening your skin)
- Lavender essential oil (for a soothing scent)
- Lemongrass essential oil (for a zesty scent)
- Pumice or natural scrub pieces (for additional scrubbing)
Note: For essential oils, use 2-3 drops (of each oil in case you are using multiple oils) for each 100-gram bar of soap.
Cut the aloe vera plant and scoop out enough gel (as per the instructions). Set it on a paper towel until the yellow aloe juice stops oozing.
Measure the distilled water into a bowl. Don’t forget to zero out the weight of the container. Keep it aside.
Heat the vegetable fat and olive oil in a microwave for a minute. You can even melt them on a gas burner on high heat.
Measure the lye (zero out the weight of the bowl) and use a spoon to scoop the lye and pour it into the water carefully. Remember, NEVER pour water into lye but always do the converse. Wait for the fumes to die down. You will be left with a cloudy-clear liquid. DO NOT touch it with bare hands.
Add the oil and vegetable fat mix to the lye and water mixture and stir using a spatula.
Add the aloe vera gel to this and stir. It will take some time for the mixture to absorb the gel and the oil. Be patient and keep stirring. Add the essential” oils> (and other elements) and stir.
Pour this batter into the soap mold and keep it aside (away from light, heat, and moisture). Let it set for 24 hours. Cover the mold with a towel.
Once it is hard, remove it from the mold. The soap needs at least 4 weeks for curing (time required for lye, fat, and water to turn into soap). During this period, store it in a cool and dry place.
The aloe vera soap bar is ready to use after the curing time is over.
[ Read: How” to use aloe vera gel for hair growth> ]
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Using The Hot Process Method